01 MASS HOUSING

Chairs:

Dr. habil. Melinda BENKŐ PhD / Budapest, H
BME Department of Urban Planning and Design / mass housing research platformEuropean Middle Class Mass Housing

Dr. habil. David TICHÝ PhD / Prague, Cz
FA CTU Department of Building TheoryUNIT architekti Architectural Studio / Housing Estates What’s Next research platform

Prof. Richard Klein PhD, HDR / Lille, F
ENSAP Lilledocomomo Francedocomomo international 

 

Summary:

Mass Housing Neighborhoods 

Throughout the world, mass housing was the answer to access decent living conditions after the Second World War and is still a used built answer to the housing shortage in many countries. Modern and contemporary theory and practice shaping these housing developments seem to be global, but the urban form, architectural characteristics, technical details, ownership system, space division, everyday life, etc. are varied locally. In post-socialist cities, most of the housing estates were publicly owned, centrally planned, built, and managed developments, but after the privatization process their conditions changed and they have a lower ability to integrate current housing requirements. Nevertheless, mass housing neighborhoods represent highly specific areas of cities demanding conceptual and thoughtful public policy decisions regarding their complex sustainability and livability.

Faced with their actual status, the housing needs, aspirations of the inhabitants, or the climate issues and the pandemic situation, what are the possible changes in this urban heritage? How not betray the social and egalitarian ideals which motivate the construction of these neighborhoods? And what challenges lie ahead for mass housing?

The abstract proposal should focus on a relevant theoretical sub-topic, as demolition / renewal, modern / contemporary, shrinking / growing, high-rise / low-rise, density / intensity, sustainability / livability, public / private, whole / part, planned / informal, monofunctional / multifunctional, etc. or/and show comparative study of key locations or/and one case study from a post-socialist city. Criteria for case studies are that at least one example presents post-war (after 1945) mass housing neighborhood from a post-socialist city, with. min 500 dwellings realized in min. two buildings realized for middle and/or lower class. The best knowledge of the types and forms of collective housing must go through all the data enabling these architectures to be characterized: sponsors, designers, companies, urban situations, and development projects, construction techniques, references and influences, receptions, transformations, and critical analysis of contemporary situations.